Canada's Drone Regulations 2019 — Pros and Cons

The Canadian Minister of Transport Marc Garneau announced the new drone regulations on January 9, 2019. In this video I look at the pros and cons of the new regulations.

Here’s a link to the new drone laws published in the Canada Gazette. These laws will go into effect June 1st:


  1. Justin Case on June 17, 2020 at 7:02 am

    Register each drone individually!
    Oh, that clearly shows how stupid and ignorant these individuals are. They surely never asked for any advice from the drone lovers community.
    I own about two dozens different frames. Fly and crash, crash and rebuild. This herd goes through a speedy evolution each year. I frequently swap parts, frequently a new quad is build from salvaged parts and so on.
    Then tell me garneau, how many drones do I have and how often do I have to register a new one, eh? Besides, they rarely enjoy open skies and love tree hugging.

  2. FatTad Rider on June 17, 2020 at 7:02 am

    Regarding your last comment about approved professional drones. It’s basically the same as the difference between certified and experimental aircraft in conventional aviation. I can’t fly my homebuilt Kitfox in a commercial operation, even though it was inspected by Transport Canada.

  3. Bob I on June 17, 2020 at 7:03 am

    It’s clear to me that the "Nanny State" Government of Canada is clearly on a mission to kill ALL RC flying and reserve it for Commercial use only. There are no Pro’s to this, only Cons. The whole thing is ridiculous. Sure, bring in regs to stop idiots flying near airports and urban areas. Even operator registration, line of sight etc but don’t lump Drones in with Model Aircraft and Helicopters that are usually flown line of sight within small areas or on Club Sites…..

  4. ssrc30 on June 17, 2020 at 7:04 am

    These regulations are ridiculous. They should be targeting the idiots that break the laws instead of imposing more laws on the folks who’re just out to take some pictures and video in a safe manner. Sounds like the firearms act all over again. I don’t fly enough for it to matter so they can shove these new rules and fees up their red taped ass.

  5. Lars J on June 17, 2020 at 7:07 am

    The reg of drones is now the same as a car, Any car has to be registered, and the driver has to have a licence, so same with drones, makes perfect sense. You also skipped a lot of required documentations needed even for basic flyers, among other things.

  6. T.M.C. Team Multi Copter on June 17, 2020 at 7:07 am

    hey dont forget that you have to log all of your flights for example you have 3 buddies to race with you have to log there names and say that they are racing opponents . but you cant say that because Mr. Garneau has said you can not fly your drone if there is already one up there,you have to log which quad you are using and how many batteries, then have a another log book for maintenance on your quads if you crash ,why did you crash,could it have been prevented, what measures did you take after ,what broke .for example your motor broke from hitting a tree then you have to log what kind of motor and who is the supplier you are buying it from and you have to keep all instructions on product also you have to tell transport Canada that the person who is repairing the quad is certified to do so you must keep flying logs for 1 year and maintenance log for 2 years if transport Canada asks for them you must present them or pay 1000.00 dollar fine

  7. Eos Love on June 17, 2020 at 7:07 am

    There is a Federal election on the horizon. Perhaps that is our only recourse; meanwhile i will put my drones on the shelf and forget about getting a Mavic 2 Pro!

  8. Jose Coelho on June 17, 2020 at 7:08 am

    OK so I did the RPA basic exam (passed) I have to say it was not easy got maybe 8 questions regarding actual safe drove flying the rest were aviation in general. Do I feel that it makes drone hobby safer ? NO not at all . Irrelevant questions , no given clear study guides having to navigate the total mess that is CARS and AIM and not able to see what exact questions you get wrong make me further believe that TC does not want you to be educated but rather wanting you to fail.
    There is no survey at the end of the exam which makes me believe TRANSPORT CANADA knows full well what a mess they put out .
    If the aim was to discourage the hobby then mission accomplished.

  9. Wizard of Ice on June 17, 2020 at 7:08 am

    One interesting observation for the new drone rules is that TC removed the word “Aerodromes”. If you examine the law you still can’t fly within 3nm of an airport (which is a “certified” Aerodrome) however you will now be able, even under a basic operating certificate, to fly within 3nm of a “registered” Aerodrome. They are the smaller ones with no regular traffic pattern. You can fly there as long as you don’t “interfere” with traffic patterns. You also do not have to notify them. It’s a subtle change not many realize. If you consult the Canadian Flight Supplement (or even you can see if the facility is “registered” or “certified”. (Also you can’t fly within 3nm if it’s operated by the Dept of national defence). Otherwise you’re good to go. Huge change from current rules. Not sure if it’s a mistake or intentional.

  10. bruce W on June 17, 2020 at 7:08 am

    I think the new easy rules are OK.  It’s not too bad for the educated folks ..but…say no more.

  11. sunny Dayys on June 17, 2020 at 7:12 am

    all they wish for us to keep these records for so long is so they can do audits on use like Revenue Canada pull us in and review are logs and fine us . were they can as we cannot keep perfect logs this is a hobby pick up and when have time and drop when dont , it is not a job

  12. Encourage Me Online on June 17, 2020 at 7:12 am

    So can a person fly a sub 250g drone closer than 30m to people? And what about flying near an uncontrolled airfield that is seldom used?

  13. Justin Case on June 17, 2020 at 7:13 am

    So, what about FPV racing in the wooded area where you keep your racer close to the tree foliage? Yeah right, this moron named garneau will tell us ‘oh, there is a chance an A380 might be flying there, no FPV!’
    What about individuals under the age of 14 ‘daddy, daddy, can I fly, pleeease. No my son, this m-f garneau thinks kids are stupid’. What about drone photography, follow me functions, when you have a wonderful time with your friends? No! This m-f garneau hates young people having good time. No, still 30m away from your girlfriend. Nobody, I say nobody has ever been seriously hurt by using drones for these activities. What about flying a 251g drone over your own remote farm without this stupid registration? No! It’s fuc… illegal garneau says.
    And finally what about the hobbyists’ community and respecting their voices and advice? The MAAC seats completely quiet, shock! When such important and destructive actions are being taken by idiots in the Ministry of Transportation they pretend they did not hear anything.

  14. Captain Midnight on June 17, 2020 at 7:15 am

    For the first time ? I’ve had my Drone for years , so I guess I’m good to go ? Just saying, I hate money 💰 grabs, tax tax fee fee tax tax enough ! OH , lm flying, they can tax a golf ball , good luck 😉

  15. Dan Basler on June 17, 2020 at 7:15 am

    1800-305-2059 is the number to call and give your input on this matter. Every one should call and question the lack of free manuals. Question what ever you want there looking for input.

  16. Justin Case on June 17, 2020 at 7:17 am

    And the Canadian government just legalized the use of cannabis which will automatically lead to more car accidents and fatalities. You know, stupid people will drive high no matter what. At the same time the guy named garneau tells us he had nightmares about small drones killing people here on Earth and in Heavens. Seriously you asshole?
    851 proven deaths last year here in Canada caused by cannabis and before legalization.
    How many planes shot down by drones: ZERO!
    How many people killed: ZERO
    How many people hospitalized from drone inflicted injuries: ZERO
    So WTF garneau?

  17. Guillaume Nadeau on June 17, 2020 at 7:17 am

    Why rush to make this video. Take more time to understand the new upcoming regulation. Unfortunately you forgot a bunch of stuff.

  18. T.M.C. Team Multi Copter on June 17, 2020 at 7:17 am

    In-Sight did you go for your basic exam yet?i did and passed most of my questions were about air planes and i flew rc planes for 9 years so the questions were common knowledge i guess i lucked out and passed with 71 percent

  19. Marc Ouellet on June 17, 2020 at 7:20 am

    I fly model planes now what

  20. Phantom HodgesDrone on June 17, 2020 at 7:21 am

    typical government oversight, i have been flying drones for a couple of years now, no crashes or incidents, i took an online drone course and passed an exam, now i have to do it all over again, pass another exam, but that i really don,t mind, but now have to find a flight reviewer, which there is none in my area, already took a course and been flying and now i have to have someone tell me if i can fly? what a crock, more money again, i have a dji phantom 4 pro with all the bells and whistles on it, and probably not going to be able to use it, i am not a rich persom who can afford a thirty thousand dollar drone, i think they are catering to the drone businesses that have money, they are the ones who did all the consulting with and not the average person, even in the states now they are going to look at relaxing some of the rules they got, maybe our government should look at it that, they don,t need a flight reviewer to get the part 107 licence there and dont have a restriction on what drone you use,

  21. Alain Brunet on June 17, 2020 at 7:22 am

    In the U.S . you can fly 400Ft over a building. over a montain, over a structure. over a bridge. but in open area it is 400ft. is it the same here in Canada ? now.

  22. Bryan McMahon on June 17, 2020 at 7:23 am

    Why do we not need to register and take tests to ride our bicycles which we ride on the road? They cause way more accidents than drones do!

  23. Trex Roberts on June 17, 2020 at 7:23 am

    Why doesn’t Canada follow the FAA’s lead on drone laws? Have a commercial license which does not restrict drone size? I think your right about the advanced certificate keeping our prosumer drones out doing pro missions.

  24. Tom Rich on June 17, 2020 at 7:25 am

    I personally don’t mind registering as a pilot but each one individually is crazy and I think it is so they make more money and I also agree that I as a recreational flyer should not have to take a test that is meant for a real pilot !now to the all the plane and heli guy’s and girls out there they are now considered all drones which I do not agree it wasn’t a helicopter or plane that was the cause of all of this so why are we being penalized for it I mean I do have a drone but mainly fly fixed wings in which I would never fly just anywhere any way i hope that some things will change!

  25. Brian Percival on June 17, 2020 at 7:30 am

    I’m a former R/C Plane builder flyer, nice summer weather Sunday afternoon occasional flyer. Haven’t had much time for it in the past 3 or 4 years. I happened to see a pop up ad for a hexacopter. It looked great for the price, under $150, GPS and 1080p gimbal camera. I watched a few videos of it on Youtube and did an impulse buy. Toy, to play with at a school playground. THEN, I find out about these new regulations and compulsory registration. Unmanned Vehicles. I guess my left over R/C Planes is also an unmanned vehicle and will require something similar. If I had known about this, I would never have made the purchase. It will trickle down and hurt the drone sector for basic flying. Sales will take a hit. I really don’t have the time to start looking everything up to ‘maybe’ pass the exam and lose $10 each time I try. Registration per drone? Getting too expensive.

  26. John MacNeill on June 17, 2020 at 7:32 am

    The general rules are reasonable. The exams are not. I passed the basic only because of my aviation background as a commercial pilot and a retired Air Traffic Controller. I failed the advanced exam because i am not an astrophysicist (tongue in cheek) It was a very difficult exam not very relevant to drone flying. If you have not taken the exam you should just to see how out to lunch many of the questions are. What we really need is a study guide that provides all the information we need to know about flying a drone safely and that contains the necessary information to pass the exam. I am 73 and my intense studying is behind me. I am a safe pilot and I always fly with a safety first mind set. I have three drones thats $15.00 not $5.00. The regulation should be for the operator not each drone. Thanks for your video.

  27. Darrin Gallant on June 17, 2020 at 7:32 am

    Good video thanks! You brought up a lot of good points. Three things I do like with the new regs are one, TC no longer requires a SFOC just because it’s a flight for business purposes which helps small drone businesses a lot, two, if you can do your business 100′ horizontally from people and outside of controlled airspace you’re good to go even with just the basic operations certificate. And lastly, night flying, yes. An interesting note on the list of drones at TC’s website approved for advanced operations, they all list as approved for “controlled airspace” and “near people” but there are none listed as approved for “over people”.

  28. Eduardo Grassi on June 17, 2020 at 7:33 am

    I really liked your explanation about the new regulations. I have one doubt about controlled zones. How to be sure about them? I know there is an aplication on a webpage that shows the closest airports to your location, but currently the radius changes depending on the use of the drone (recreational or not). How to be sure about it? Thanks

  29. RC Heli - Menace on June 17, 2020 at 7:33 am

    Flying for the first time lmao. 12 years later.

  30. Aerial Nomad on June 17, 2020 at 7:34 am

    It is much harder than one would think, I did it last week and passed with 82% but there was a point where I thought I may not pass, questions ranging from aeronautical maps to aerodynamics. In short, prepare before you take the exam. I was shocked by the complicity of the nature of questions, I thought I was taking a pilot exam.

  31. xjet on June 17, 2020 at 7:35 am

    You missed the lunatic requirement that recreational fliers have to keep flight and maintenance logs for all their craft. Break a propeller — you have to make a log entry. Those logs must be kept for a minimum of 12 months in the case of flight logs (documenting every flight and every person involved in the flight) and 24 months for the maintenance logs (documenting the changes, repairs, alterations performed, including manufacturer’s part numbers etc). That’s a *huge* burden on recreational fliers and will almost certainly be one that will be ignored. Good regulations make compliance easy — bad regulations don’t. On that basis… this is a *very* bad regulation.

  32. Stephane f on June 17, 2020 at 7:41 am

    Typical government jargon talk after passing the test I can’t believe how ridiculous and misguided this test is, most of it has nothing to do with drone flying if anything I’ve been left more confused this test is designed for people to fail repeatedly it’s a money grab and does not educate people whatsoever I would like to meet the a-holes who came up with these questions I would like to ask him when he drives to work in the morning in his BMW what the gear ratio is in a transmission do you think that would help him be a better driver? this is about how much sense this whole thing makes once again the government as its ass up its head money grab jargon

  33. Charles Cruchon on June 17, 2020 at 7:43 am

    The new rules are a lot better than the old ones. I tried to pass the the basic exam and failed. I got 53% and the are asking for 65% to pass. The exam is much to hard. They think you want to become an airplane pilot.

  34. Name of the Rose on June 17, 2020 at 7:44 am

    If no one sees you launch the drone, how do they know that you are the drone pilot?

  35. The .Monolith on June 17, 2020 at 7:46 am

    Modern regulations such as the newly announced drone laws are created for revenue as its primary focus. This is how graduated licensing was designed in Canada back in the mid 90s.

    The Ontario Ministry of Transportation which administered the test pre-graduated licensing charged $10 for the knowledge test and $35 for the road test. When Graduated Licensing was introduced by the Rae government, the cost shot up sharply and new tiers were implemented. While the idea of driving students gaining experience in phases was well-intentioned, it became clear that revenue was the most important element in the design of the new system.

    Instead of the Ministry of Transportation providing the tests, a third party, Serco, a British company, was contracted in their place. Serco charges $158 for the knowledge and G1 road test together plus a 5-year licence. If you fail the knowledge test, it’s an extra $15.75. If you fail the G2 road test, retaking it costs $52.50. Finally, you’ll need to pass a second road test for your final G licence which will set you back $89.25 and the same for re-attempts. At least half of the population in Ontario fail one of the two road tests. Yet, despite this system, the roads aren’t any safer today than they were in the mid 90s; but the government is certainly making a lot more money off of us.

    These drone regulations feel very much like Graduated Licensing – it was designed for cash flow and quite possibly to protect the commercial drone market as you suggested than any real attempt at public safety.

    In addition to increased fees and perhaps a multi-tiered system, I fully expect MANY fly-by-night (pun intended) drone schools to suddenly pop out of nowhere in an effort to cash in on drone certification – Ontario’s hottest new cottage industry.

  36. Hani F on June 17, 2020 at 7:46 am

    Great video

  37. Lee Wilson on June 17, 2020 at 7:47 am

    Welcome to a taste of what it feels like to be a legal gun owner in Canada. Have fun

  38. Steve FPV on June 17, 2020 at 7:48 am

    Also mention 3nm from center of airports and 1nm from center of heliports for basic operations…….not just controlled airsapace. 🙂

  39. MC's Creations on June 17, 2020 at 7:49 am

    Why the hell governments always seems to forget about the drones/quadcopters you build yourself at home? Here in Brazil you can’t even register those (and it’s more than 50 US dollars each registration).
    The worse part is that professionals here don’t use DJI drones for recording images, but self build drones using those huge frames…

  40. T.M.C. Team Multi Copter on June 17, 2020 at 7:49 am

    please get back to me about the exam i am curious to know if you have gotten remotely easy questions

  41. JS V on June 17, 2020 at 7:49 am

    A car driver can study a drivers handbook available in Canadian tire and walmart before taking an exam. (Drone pilots? NONE! And most of the questions has nothing to do with your drone)
    A car that weighs 1500 kilos and runs 120 kmh in a road of an average 10 people within a distance of less than 30 meters – does not need to log its repair and upgrades.
    Over speeding ticket cost around $400, depends on the police officer’s guess of your speed. Drone pilots penalty of forgetting to register a drone is $1,000, no mark on the drone $1,000, no pilot certificate $1,000. Daddies tell me what you think.

  42. Randy Taylor on June 17, 2020 at 7:53 am

    Well It is what it is and I don’t think things are going to change for the better. What really has me perplexed is the fact what Ronon brings up no where online is the information to past the test. All they are providing at this time is s list of study guides. They seem to be deliberately making it next to impossible for the average person to pass the test unless they go to a sanctioned drone school. I glanced over the list and It close to what I studied in Air cadets for flying scholarship. I have no problem of writing a basic knowledge test but lets be fair and make to regulations available to the public. I have no problem with registration numbers its the same as the states. I want to know are all my drones and I have a collection that are under 250 grams are they exempt? What about RC enthusiast are they covered under the same legislation do they also have to be certified that,s going to kill the hobby I would think. Beside If I tried to sell my two Phantoms and Syma X8 who would buy them. All in all this has me very discouraged I have been into model aviation sense the 70s and Iam now 60. looks like the end of the road my be soon .

  43. Gros Ba on June 17, 2020 at 7:54 am

    i’ll only fly some sub-250 from now

  44. Ben Person on June 17, 2020 at 7:54 am

    Before this joke registration was demanded by the government, there was very little enforcement. Rules yes, but lacking enforcement. Now with this money grab, DOT can now fund the armed parasites ( cops ) to drive around the countryside looking for toy drone flyers.
    Boys will be boys and they will be retarded enough to fly around moving aircraft. A license will not stop that or the armed parasites
    touring the countryside looking for BAD BOYS. The real money is in the fines for the DOT.
    This dumb move by the DOT shows that we have not grown up like Thailand. The Thailand rules are very realistic.

  45. hamed19821 on June 17, 2020 at 7:56 am

    The problem with advanced certification is they have only approved commercial drones. DJI is not on the list, so almost no recreational drone pilot like ordinary people can get the advanced certificate. That’s useless. Without that, we can’t fly over people and how about flying over buildings, cars, etc. ?

  46. SmalltimR on June 17, 2020 at 7:58 am

    Does anyone know how these laws apply to private property?
    For example – does the law state that people need licenses to fly drones on their own property, and if so, how could this be enforceable in a court of law?

  47. Orbiter221 on June 17, 2020 at 7:58 am

    Just a money grab!

  48. sunny Dayys on June 17, 2020 at 8:00 am

    i think the people making all these stupid . regulations . should be subject to breath and . cannabis . testing ., because . of all these screw ups in rules that have no common sense . tells me that . people higher up are abusing . something . when they . should not be making these rules, also . who are these top gun transport Canada . teachers, so what happens when the normal person can fly better then the transport . Canada . person, we i think we have trouble, as there are kids that will blow away any adult . and you are going to tell him . he cant . fly, all . that have bought drones already . should be grandfathered in , as i never signed up for this crap .and would have not . , as this is . more money grab, but all . people before . the time period . should . be grandfathered . in , and after the date then play your games . as iam sure these people . making the rules are on the older side and then think they should take a defensive driving course . , how about it marc . ? i think its good idea . as i worry . he might crash into something, because he his a pilot , and do wonder if he wrote a drivers test or just got . a driver as in the old days ,

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